The second incentive of the Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 brings back 50% first-year “bonus depreciation” for horses and most other depreciable property purchased and placed in service during 2008. “Bonus depreciation” was first passed in 2002 but had phased out at the end of 2004. Bonus depreciation helps horse businesses by allowing them to depreciate 50% of horses or property in the first year the horse or property is purchased or placed in service instead of depreciating smaller percentages of the property year after year.
Eligible property. Bonus depreciation applies to horses or any other property with a useful life of 20 years or less. Also, the property must be “new”, meaning the original use of the horse or other property must begin with the taxpayer to be eligible.
No limit. There is no limit on the amount of bonus depreciation that can be taken in any one year.
How Bonus Depreciation Works. Assume that in 2008, a horse business pays $500,000 for a colt to be used for racing and $50,000 for other depreciable property, bringing total purchases to $550,000. The young colt had never been raced or used for any other purpose before the purchase. The business would be able to expense $250,000 as a Section 179 deduction, deduct another $150,000 of bonus depreciation (50% of the remaining balance), and take regular depreciation on the $150,000 balance.
These tax incentives help horse businesses increase income by providing a tax relief for activities they are currently conducting. They should also provide an incentive for new or existing businesses to buy more horses and other related property.